Curriculum

Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics

Second Year, BDS

No. Topic Learning objectives
(at the end of the session the students should be able to )
Teaching Guidelines Mode Of Lecture Duration
1  Introduction to Operative Dentistry
  • Define the Operative Dentistry
  • Enumerate the factors affecting operative treatment
  • Enumerate the factors affecting the future demand of operative dentistry
To cover definition and History Of  Operative Dentistry, Factors affecting operative treatments ,Factors affecting the future demand of  operative dentistry
  • Didactic Lecture

 

  • asking the students to summarize the lecture.
1hr
2 Nomenclature Of  Dentition
  • Know the  Need of Nomenclature
  • Describe various methods of  Nomenclature
  • Describe Advantages/

Disadvantage     of Each System

To cover Introduction And Need Of Nomenclature and Commonly Used Nomenclature Systems
Advantages/Disadvantage Of Each System
  • Didactic lecture to tell the importance of nomenclature

 

  • Show pictures of different nomenclature systems
  • Student interaction by Sketch method where student will answer the sketches of nomenclature drawn on board.
1hr
3 Review Of Dental Anatomy
  • Describe the development of Tooth  and associated structures
  •  Explain the anatomy of Tooth related to operative dentistry
  • Importance Of Pits & Fissures And Proximal Contact Areas In Relation To Cavity Preparation
To cover development of tooth and associated structures, Importance of Pits & Fissures And Proximal contact areas in relation to cavity preparation
  • Lecture With Illustrations  & audiovideo mode to show the morphology of different teeth

 

  • Sketch method- students will label the sketch of tooth drawn on board for different morphological landmarks.

 

 

 

2hrs
4 Principles Of Cavity Preparation
  • Define Cavity Preparation
  • Nomenclature Of Cavity Walls, angles and floors
  • Enumerate Various steps of cavity preparation
  • Detail of Initial  and final stage of Cavity Preparation

 

To cover nomenclature of Cavity walls, angles and floors, classification of cavities, Steps of initial and  final cavity preparation in detail and implication of each step in cavity preparation for different teeth and different cavities
  • Pictorial presentation of nomenclature walls , angles and floors and show the models for the same.

 

  • Ppt discussing stages and steps of cavity preparation
  • Giving MCQ  to the students at the end of lecture and discuss answers with them.
6hrs
5 Dental Caries
  • Define caries
  • Detail about Etiology of caries
  • Describe Various Theories
  • Classify Caries
  • Illustrate  Stages Of Caries In Enamel and dentin
  • Describe Clinical, Morphological & Microscopic Features of enamel and dentinal caries
  • In detail means of Prevention of   Caries
  • Explain various Caries Activity Tests
  • Describe Treatment of Caries
  • Enumerate and describe clinical methods of diagnosing caries
To cover definition and etiology of caries , Theories and classification of caries, Stages of Caries in enamel and dentin.
Clinical and Morphological Features of caries, Microscopic features of enamel and dentinal caries
Prevention Of  Dental Caries, Caries Activity Tests, Clinical diagnosis and treatment of caries
  • Didactic Lecture for etiology and theories of caries

 

  • Illustrations and pictures for classification, progression, features and  prevention
  • Intraclass quiz- give them the models of caries and to discuss progression of caries

 

  • Group discussion where students will be divided in groups and ask them preassigned topics of caries etiology and prevention.
5hrs
6 Instruments In Operative Dentistry
  • History Of Dental Instruments
  • Classify Hand and Rotary Instruments
  • Details Of Hand Cutting Instruments
  • Discuss Rotary Instruments
  • Detail of Bur Blade Design Including Rake And Clearance Angle with illustrations
  • Discuss Grasps And Rests
To cover history and
classification of Hand And Rotary Instruments
Details Of Hand Cutting
To cover Instrument  formula and instrument design
Sharpening of instruments  Grasps And Rests
To cover Rotary Instruments in detail,
Sterilization of instruments

 

  • Hands On  Lecture With  Demonstration of instruments to students in groups for identification

 

  • To show the use of instrument on model and shoe the various grasps and rests  with discussion of each
  • Ppt. showing rotary instrument design

 

  • Spotters – at the end of lectures students will identify the particular instrument
2hrs
7 Treatment Planning For Operative Dentistry
  • Discuss Criterias for Patient Evaluation
  • Detail about Clinical  and radiographic Examination
  • Explain Tests for diagnosis of caries
  • Treatment Planning & how to maintain case history sheet
  • Treatment Record
To cover  clinical and radiographic examination
Tests for diagnosis of caries, Treatment Planning and maintaining the
treatment record
  • Power Point Presentation  With   Sample Case  history Record Sheets

 

  • Quiz- students will ask to prepare case history sheet with the given complaint
2hrs
8 Matricing and Wedges
  • Define Matricing
  • Classify Matrix Systems
  • Types Of Matrix Retainers
  • Discribe Method Of Placement of retainer
  • Discuss various wedging techniques in conservative dentistry
To cover  importance of Matrix System, Classification Of Matrix Systems
Types Of Matrix Retainers and their method of placement
To cover indications of  placement of wedge
Type of wedges and techniques of wedging
  • Presentation With Videos And  demonstrations of retainers bands and wedges. Showing the application of same on model.

 

  • Students will be asked to show the application of matrix system on model.

 

1hr
9 Amalgam
(material aspect & restoration)
Discuss

  • Indications & contra indications Of Amalgam
  • Composition of amalgam
  • Physical & mechanical properties
  • Amalgam Reaction Of High And Low Copper Amalgam
  • Procedure and clinical technique for amalgam restoration
  • Failure of amalgam & discuss the solutions
To cover advantages/ Disadvantages, Indications & Contra indications Of Amalgam
Composition of amalgam material
Physical & mechanical properties
Amalgam Reaction Of High And Low copper Amalgam
Procedure and clinical technique for amalgam restoration, Failure of amalgam
  • Didactic Lecture

 

  • Demonstration of material in class showing the manipulation
  • Group discussion  regarding the same.
2hrs
10 Dental Cements
  • Classify Cements
  • Detail about each cement

Zn phosphate
Zn polycarboxylate
Zinc oxide eugenol
Glass ionomer

  • Discuss Physical, Mechanical Properties Of Each Cement
To cover classification of Cements
Detail About Each Cement, Physical, Mechanical Properties And Manipulation Of Each Cement
Lecture with Power Point Presentation & hands on for  manipulation of each cement in class.

 

4hr
11 Pulp Protection
  • Discuss Indications and need for pulp protections
  • Describe means of pulp protection
  • Discuss composition, material aspect and application procedure of each

 

To cover indications and need for pulp protection, case selection Composition of each material and application procedure Pictorial lecture with Flowchart and audio video method.

Demonstration of material in class.

 

2hr
12 Class II Cavity Preparation For Amalgam
  • In detail discuss the clinical technique for  class II cavity preparation
To cover how to apply Initial &Final Cavity Preparation steps  to class II cavity preparation clinically
  • Ppt and Video for procedure of cavity preparation

 

  • Demonstration of class II cavities on models.
  • Student interactive session- asking the students implication of  steps in cavity.

 

2hr
13  Composites
  • Introduction To Composite Material
  • History Of Resins
  • Classification Of Composites
  • Composition
  • Curing Methods
  • Composite Placement Procedures
To cover history Of resins
Classification Of composites
Composition of composites
Composite Placement Procedures
  • Didactic lecture

 

  • Demonstration of composite material and curing in model restoration.
  • Student interactive session –  To summarise the lecture

 

 

3hr
14 PATIENT ASSESSMENT, EXAMINATION,DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT PLANNING

  • Patient evaluation
  • Chief complain
  • Medical history
  • Past dental history
  •  Clinical examination
  • Extra- oral examination
  • Intra-oral examination
  • Radiographic examination
  • Recent aids in diagnosis
  • Treatment planning
 

1.Discuss the patient assessment, diagnosis and treatment planning in operative dentistry.

2.Enumerate various phases of treatment sequencing.

3.Discuss in detail various aids in diagnosis in operative dentistry.

 

1.To cover the patient assessment, diagnosis and treatment planning in operative dentistry.

2.To cover the various phases of treatment sequencing.

3.To cover the various aids in diagnosis in operative dentistry.

 

Video demonstration

2.Display of diagnostic aids

3. Ask students to prepare a sample history case sheet

 

2hr

PATIENT ASSESSMENT, EXAMINATION,DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT PLANNING

  • Patient evaluation
  • Chief complain
  • Medical history
  • Past dental history
  •  Clinical examination
  • Extra- oral examination
  • Intra-oral examination
  • Radiographic examination
  • Recent aids in diagnosis
  • Treatment planning
 

1.Discuss the patient assessment, diagnosis and treatment planning in operative dentistry.

2.Enumerate various phases of treatment sequencing.

3.Discuss in detail various aids in diagnosis in operative dentistry.

 

1.To cover the patient assessment, diagnosis and treatment planning in operative dentistry.

2.To cover the various phases of treatment sequencing.

3.To cover the various aids in diagnosis in operative dentistry.

 

Video demonstration

2.Display of diagnostic aids

3. Ask students to prepare a sample history case sheet

15. PRELIMINARY CONSIDERATIONS FOR OPERATIVE DENTISTRY

Preoperative patient and dental team consideration

  • Chair and patient position
  • Operating positions
  • Operating stools
  • Instrument exchange
 

1.Discuss in short about zones of working area.

2.Enumerate the different operative positions for right handed dental surgeon.

 

 

1.To cover the various zones of working area and different operative positions for right handed dental surgeon.

 

 

1.didatic lecture

2.Display of diagnostic aids

3. students interactive session

16. PAIN CONTROL FOR OPERATIVE DENTISTRY

  • Introduction
  • Method to control pain in operative dentistry
  • Local anesthesia
  • Patient factor
  • Local anesthetic agents
  • Technique of local anesthesia
  • Precautions during  injection
  • Advantages of local anesthesia
  • Alternative methods to control pain
  • Premedication with sedatives
  • Inhalation sedation
  • Hypnosis
  • Electronic dental anesthesia
 

1.Discuss in detail about various methods to control pain in operative dentistry.

2.Enumerate the recent advances in local anesthesia and describe wand system of local anesthesia in detail.

 

 

1.To cover the various methods to control pain in operative dentistry and the  recent advances in local anesthesia.

 

1.Power point presentation

2.Video demonstration

3.Pictures

4.Intraclass quiz
.

17. CONTROL OF OPERATING FIELD

  • Introduction
  • Goals of isolation
  • Method of isolation
  • Cotton rolls and cellulose wafers
  • Rubber dam
  • Introduction
  • Indication
  • Contraindication
  • Rubber dam equipments
  • Rubber dam application technique
  • Removal of rubber dam
  • Aids for leaking dams
  • Advantages
  • Disadvantage

 

  • Saliva injectors
  • High volume evacuators
  • Throat shield
  • Anti sialogagues
 

1.Discuss the importance of isolation of operating field
.
2.Enumerate the various methods of isolation of operating field.

3.Enumerate various methods employed for isolation of operating field

4.List the various methods of isolation and discuss the rubber dam in detail.

 

1.To cover the importance  and the various methods for isolation of operating field

2.To cover the the rubber dam in detail.

 

 

 

1. Power point presentation

2.Video demonstration

3.Showimg rubber dam kit

4.Giving MCQs to the students.

18. DENTIN BONDING AGENTS

  • Introduction
  • Basic concept of adhesion
  • Indications for adhesive dentistry
  • Enamel adhesion(acid etching technique)
  • Dentin  adhesion:mechanism and challenges
  •  Structure of dentin
  • smear layer
  • Stress at the resin dentin interface
  • Classification of dentinal adhesives
  • Clinical factors in dentin adhesion
  • Amalgam bonding system

 

 

1.Describe the acid etching procedure in detail.

2.Discuss the dentin bonding agents in detail.

3.Classification of dentin bonding agents.

4.Aware the ideal requirements of dentin bonding agents.

 

 

1.To cover the the acid etching procedure and dentin bonding agents in detail.

2.To cover the classification and the ideal requirements of dentin bonding agents.

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.Power point presentation

2.Video demonstration

3.spotters

4.Intraclass quiz

19. RESTORING CONTACTS AND CONTOURS

  • Introduction
  • Matrices
  • Definition
  • Ideal requirements
  • Classification of matrices
  • Functions
  • Parts of matrices
  • Matrice application for class II  amalgam
  • Matrice application for class-II composite
  • Matrice application for class-IV composite restoration
  • Description of various matrices
  • Tooth separation and  wedges
  • Introduction
  • Definition
  • Need for tooth separation
  • Method of tooth separation
 

1.Define matrices. Enumerate objective of matrices.

2.Explain tooth separation in detail.

3.Describe matrices, retainers, wedges and their uses in operative dentistry.

 

 

1.To cover the definition and objectives of matrices.

2.To cover tooth separation in detail.

3.To cover the matrices, retainers, wedges and their uses in operative dentistry.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.Power point presentation

2.Video demonstration

3.Pictures

4.spotters

4.Intraclass quiz

20. INTRODUCTION TO COMPOSITE RESTORATIONS

  • Composites
  • History
  • Composition
  • Classification of composite
  • Macrofilled composite
  • Conventionsal composite
  • Microfilled composite
  • Hybrid composite
  • Nanofilled composite
  • Packable composite
  • Flowable composite
  • Polymerization of composite
  • Polymerization shrinkage
  • Light curing variables
  • Important properties of composite
  • Linear coefficient of expansion
  • Water sorption
  • Wear resistance
  • Surface texture
  • Radiopacity
  • Modulus of elasticity
  • General considerations for composite restorations
  • Isolation factor
  • Occlusal factor
  • Operator factor
  • Indications
  • Contraindication
 

1.Define composites. Discuss their composition and properties in detail.

2.Enumerate the indications and contraindications for composite resin.

3.Discuss the class-4 composite restoration in detail.

4.Discuss the composite restorative procedure in detail.

5.Discuss the posterior composite restoration in detail.

6.Discuss the recent advances in composite restoration.

 

7.Classification of composite resin.

 

 

1.To cover the classification, composition, indication contraindication and advantages or disadvantages of composite in detail.

2.To cover the composite restorative procedure in detail.

3.To cover the posterior composite restoration and recent advancement of composite in detail.

 

 

 

1.Power point presentation

2.Video demonstration

3.Tell and show live demonstration

4.Group Discussion

21. COMPLEX  AMALGAM RESTORATION

  • Indication
  • Contraindication
  • Advantages
  • Disadvantages
  • Pin retained amalgam restoration
  • Introduction
  • Types of pins
  • Indication
  • Contraindications
  • Advantages
  • Disadvantages
  • Pin placement factors and technique
  • Failures  of pin retained restoration
 

1.Discuss the indications, contraindications and advantages or disadvantages of complex amalgam restoration.

2.Explain in detail the factors affecting retention pins in tooth structure and restorative material.

3.Discuss the various causes of failure of pin retained restoration.

4.Enumerate indications and contraindications of pin retained restoration and explain various pin types

 

1.To cover the indications, contraindications and advantages or disadvantages of complex amalgam restoration.

2.To cover the factors affecting retention pins in tooth structure and restorative material.

3.To cover the various causes of failure of pin retained restoration.

 

1.Power point presentation

2.Video demonstration

3.Tell and show live demonstration

4.Group Discussion

22. NON CARIOUS DESTRUCTION OF TOOTH STRUCTURE AND THEIR MANAGEMENT

  • Introduction to non carious defects
  • Etiology of non-carious lesions
  • Diagnosis
  • Clinical management of non- carious cervical lesion

 

 

1.Classify the cervical lesions. Discuss the mechanism of abfraction in detail.

2.Discuss the etiology, clinical features and management of non- carious cervical lesions

 

1.To cover the classification etiology, clinical features and management of non- carious cervical lesions.

 

1.Power point presentation

2.Video demonstration

3.ask the student to summarize the lecture

23 HYPERSENSITIVE DENTIN AND ITS MANAGEMENT

  • Introduction
  • Definition
  • Etiology
  • Direct innervations theory
  • Odontoblastic receptor theory
  • Hydrodynamic theory
  • Clinical features

 

  • Management of dental hypersensitivity
  • Diagnosis
  • Clinical management
 

1.Discuss the various theories of dentin hypersensitivity.

 

2.Define dentin hypersensitivity. Discuss the various etiological factors and its management.

3.Enumerate the clinical features of dentinal hypersensitivity.

 

 

1.To cover the various theories of dentin hypersensitivity and etiological factors and its management.

2.To cover the clinical features of dentinal hypersensitivity.

 

 

 

 

1.Power point presentation

2.Video demonstration

3.ask the student to summarize the lecture

 

1hr

24. CAST RESTORATIONS

  • Cast metal alloy
  • Indications
  • Contraindications
  • Advantages
  • Disadvantages
  • Tooth preparation for class II cast metal inlay
  • Armammentarium
  • Initial preparation
  • Final preparation

 

  • Fabrication of wax pattern
  • Sprurring inverting
  • Casting procedure
  • Casting defects
 

1.Describe in brief indications,  contraindications and advantages , disadvantages of cast metal restoration
.
2.Describe different casting defects and their causes and how can we prevent them.

3.Discuss the difference in class -2 gold inlay and amalgam tooth preparation.

4.Enumerate indications and contraindications of cast metal restoration.

 

1.To cover the indications, contraindication and advantages disadvantages of cast metal restoration and various casting defects and their causes and how can we prevent them.

2.To cover the difference in class -2 gold inlay and amalgam tooth preparation.

 

 

Power point presentation

2.Video demonstration

3.MCQs to students

 

2hr

25. MANAGEMENT OF GINGIVAL TISSUE

  • Introduction
  • Indication for gingival tissue management
  • Methods of gingival tissue management
  • Physicomechanical
  • Chemicomechanical
  • Chemical
  • Recent techniques for gingival retraction
  • Laser
  • Retraction by dilatation of gingival sulcus
 

 

1.Discuss the various method of gingival tissue management in operative dentistry.

2.Enumerate various indications for gingival tissue management.

 

 

 

1.To cover the various methods and indications of gingival tissue management in operative dentistry.

.

 

 

 

1.Power point presentation

2.Video demonstration

3.Group Discussion with students

 

1hr

26. MANAGEMENT OF DISCOLORED TEETH

  • Classification of discoloration
  • Bleaching treatment
  • Microabrasion and macroabrasion
  • Veneers
  • Laminates

 

 

 

1.Explain about office bleaching technique.

2.Classification of discoloration and its various techniques in detail.

 

3.Discuss the various factors affecting the bleaching process.

4.Discuss in detail about veneer. Enumerate indications, contraindications and advantages disadvantages of window and incisal lapping design.

5.Discuss in detail rule of golden proportion.

 

1.To cover Classification of discoloration and its various techniques in detail.

2.To cover the various factors affecting the bleaching process.

3.To cover the veneer, laminates and rate indications, contraindications and advantages or disadvantages of window and incisal lapping design.

4.To cover the rule of golden proportion in detail.

 

 

1.Power point presentation

2.Video demonstration

3.MCQsto students
.

 

2hr

27. DIRECT FILLING GOLD RESTORATIONS

  • Direct gold
  • Indications
  • Contraindications

 

  • Type of the direct gold
  • Principle of manipulation of direct filling gold
  • Cohesion and degassing
  • Compaction of direct gold
 

1.Discuss the properties, indication and contraindication of direct filling gold

2.Enumerate the various stages and steps of tooth preparation according to modern concept.

3.Describe in brief class V tooth preparation for gold foil.

 

1.To cover the properties, indication and contraindication of direct filling gold

2.To cover the various stages and steps of tooth preparation according to modern concept.

 

 

1.Power point presentation

2.Video demonstration

3.ask the student to summarize the lecture

 

2hr

28. INDIRECT TOOTH COLOR RESTORATIONS

  • Class-I and class-II tooth color restoration
  • Indication
  • Contraindication
  • Advantages
  • Disadvantages
  • Type of ceramic inlay and onlay
  • Clinical procedures
  • Tooth preparation
  • Tooth fabrication and cementation

 

 

 

1.Discuss the properties of dental ceramics. Explain the method of strengthening dental ceramic.

2.Discuss the recent advances in dental ceramics.

3.Discuss all ceramic restoration.

4.Classification of dental ceramics.

 

1.To cover the properties of dental ceramics and various method of strengthening dental ceramic.

2.To cover the recent advances in dental ceramics.

3.To cover the Classification of dental ceramics in detail.

 

Power point presentation

2.Video demonstration

3.Group Discussions

 

2hr

29. GLASS IONOMER CEMENTS

  • Introduction
  • History
  • Classification
  • Composition
  • Setting reactions
  • Manipulation and dispensing
  • Properties
  • Advantages
  • Disadvantages
  • Indication
  • Contraindication
  • Clinical applications
  • Recent advances of GIC

 

 

1.Classify GIC. Describe in detail about the composition, setting reaction, advantages, disadvantages, properties and uses of GIC cement.

2.Discuss in detail about fluoride releasing property of GIC.

3.Discuss in detail about ART technique.

 

1.To cover the classification, composition, setting reaction, advantages , disadvantages, properties and uses of GIC in detail

2.To cover properties of GIC in detail.

 

 

1.Power point presentation

2.Video
Demonstration

3.tell show and Do

4.MCQs to students

 

2hr

30. LASERS IN CONSERVATIVE DENTISTRY

  • Introduction
  • History
  • Components of laser
  • Basic principle of laser
  • Laser- tissue intraction
  • Type of lasers
  • Laser applications in conservative dentistry.
  • Carious detection
  • Carious prevention
  • Cavity preparation using lasers
  • Laser etching of enamel and dentin
  • Laser curing of composite resins
  • Desensitization of dentin
  • Gingival tissue management
  • Laser bleaching
  • Laser scanning
  • Laser safety
 

1.Discuss the basic principle of laser.

2.Enumerate various application of laser in conservative dentistry.

3.Classify the various types of lasers used in conservative dentistry.

4.Explain the laser – tissue interaction. Add a note on laser safety.

5.Describe the laser application in esthetic dentistry.

6.Disscuss the various benefits and drawbacks of dental lasers.

 

 

1.To cover the basic principle, various application of laser in conservative dentistry.

2.To cover the classification of various types of lasers used in conservative dentistry.

3.To cover the laser – tissue interaction. Add a note on laser safety.

4.To cover the laser application in esthetic dentistry.

5.To cover the various benefits and drawbacks of dental lasers.

 

 

1.Power point presentation

2.Video demonstration

3.ask the student to summarize the lecture

 

2hr