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S.No.

Topic

Learning objective Teaching guidelines Methodology Duration
hours
 

1.

 

Introduction&
Terminologies

 

 

To be able to define various terminologies used in oral pathology in relation to mucosa, skin, precancer, cancer, tumors

To be able to relate to clinical presentations

 

Explain  the terminologies used in oral pathology with their clinical presentation and the common lesions where they can be seen

 

Didactic and Pictures

 

1

2. Regressive Alterations of Teeth

  • Attrition, Erosion, Abrasion, Abfraction
  • Dentinal sclerosis, Secondary dentin ,Dead   tracts Cementicles, Pulp calcifications

 

 

 

To be able to identify and understand the regressive changes in dental tissue

 

 

Describe  physiological and pathological alterations of teeth.

 

 

Didactic, Pictures, models

Discussions

MCQ

 

 

 

1

 

1

3. Caries

  • Epidemiology & Etiology
  • Theories &Clinical aspects
  • Histopathology
  • Diagnosis &

Prevention

  • Caries activity tests and caries vaccine
  • Immunology of caries
 

To be able to tell the  factors and their interrelationship in causing caries

To be able to explain the histological changes in enamel, dentin & cementum

 

Describe  the theories and the factors responsible for caries

Discuss microbiology and immunology of caries

Explain the clinical and histological features

Enumerate the diagnostic and preventive methods for caries
Describe caries activity tests and caries vaccine.

 

Didactic

charts

Group discussion

 

 

 

 

1

 

1

 

2

 

1

1

 

 

4. Diseases of  Pulp and Periapical tissues

  • Diseases of dental pulp
  • Diseases of periapical tissues
  • Sequelae of pulpitis
  • Osteomyelitis
To learn the  causes of pulp diseases and the sequelae of pulpal infections so as to be able to relate with clinical findings Explain the etiology, microbiology, classification, presentation and treatment of pulpitis.

Explain periapical diseases in detail with their clinical presentations

Describe etiology,clinical presentation , investigations and treatment of acute and chronic osteomyelitis

Didactic  involving virtual slides

Charts

 

Discussion with flow charts

 

 

 

 

2

 

2

5. Spread of Oral Infection

Cellulitis, Space infections, Ludwig’s Angina, Focal infection,focus of infection

 

To be able  to describe fascial spaces.

To be able to explain the  spread of infections of oral cavity to fascial spaces

To be able to enumerate the treatment

 

Explain the possibility of spread of   infections from  different areas of oral cavity to different fascial spaces  , their clinical presentation , complications and management.

Describe  the concept of focal and focus of infection

 

Didactic, Videos

Flow charts

 

Use of structured questionaries

 

2

6. Diseases of Blood & Blood Forming Organs

  • Diseases involving RBC’s
  • Diseases involving WBC’s
  • Diseases involving Platelets
  • Diseases involving specific blood factors

 

To be able to recall the clinical and oral manifestations of hematologic abnormalities involving RBCs, WBCs, Platelets, clotting factors

To be able to enumerate the laboratory investigations involved

Describe the clinical & oral manifestation  of commonly occurring hematologic disorders of RBCs, WBCs, Platelets, clotting disorders

Explain the laboratory findings and the treatment.

Didactic

 

Seminars &
Discussions

 

Demonstrating few lab procedures

 

3

 

2

 

1

 

1

7. Bacterial, Fungal & Viral Diseases affecting oral Cavity

 

  • Tuberculosis, leprosy. Actinomycosis, tetanus, syphilis, NOMA,Scarlet fever, Diphtheria
  • Measles, Mumps, Rubella, Poliomyelitis, Herpangina, Herpes simplex, Chicken pox, herpes zoster, Infectious Mononucleosis,

MolluscumContagiosum, Small Pox,HIV

  • Candidiasis
To be able to explain  oral manifestations of various commonly occurring bacterial infections

To be able to relate it with

To be able to describe oral manifestations of various commonly occurring viral  infections

To be able to relate it with

To recall the causes, presentation, diagnosis and treatment of fungal infections like candidiasis

To be able to relate it with

 

Describe  etiology, pathogenesis, oral manifestations, histopathology, microbiology laboratory investigations, methods of diagnosis of commonly occurring bacterial, viral and fungal infections with a note on immunological aspects

 

Explain mode of transmission , pathogenesis oral lesions and diagnosis of HIV

 

Describe  the treatment modalities  of commonly occurring bacterial, viral and fungal infections

 

 

 

 

Didactic, Pictures,

 

Case presentations

 

Explaining photomicrographs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

3

 

2

8. Developmental Disturbances of Hard tissues

  • Developmental Disturbances of jaws and of dental arch relationship

 

 

 

  • Developmental Disturbances of size and number of teeth
  • Developmental Disturbances of shape, eruption of teeth
  • Developmental Disturbances of structure of teeth

 

 

 

 

To be able to enumerate developmental disturbances  associated with jaws and the relationship of maxilla and mandible  and to be able to relate it clinically

 

To be able to explain the variations seen in relation to size and number of teeth

To recall  the variations seen in relation to morphology and their eruption pattern and to describe them

To be able to explain structural changes seen in teeth and to be able to correlate clinically.

 

 

Describe  the etiology, clinical and radiological presentation of disturbances  in relation to size&shape  of maxilla and mandible , the relationship of jaws

 

Explain  the cause,types and their clinical &  radiological presentation in relation to size and number of teeth. To explain clinical significance with a note on treatment modalities

Describe  the cause, types and their clinical presentation&  radiological presentation of developmental disturbances  in relation to shape and eruption of teeth. To explain clinical significance with a note on treatment modalities

Describe  the role of hereditary and environmental factors responsible for disturbances in enamel and dentin,the  clinical &  radiological presentation   To explain clinical significance with a note on treatment modalities

 

 

Didactic,  Pictures,

 

Discussion using
Models
Charts
and
Tooth specimens

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

 

3

 

2

 

3

9. Developmental Disturbances Soft Tissues

Developmental  Disturbances  of lip and palate

Developmental Disturbances of tongue

Disturbances of oral mucosa, salivary glands&of gingiva

Developmental non odontogenic cysts

To be able tell about cleft lip and palate and other associated anomalies

To be able to identify different developmental disturbances of tongue and explain the pathogenisis and presentation

To recall the  Disturbances of oral mucosa, salivary glands &of gingiva

To explain the  cause of formation of cyst

To be able to describe the presentation sof nonodontogenic cyst

Explain   the etiology and pathogenesis of cleft lip and palate and other developmental variations seen in the region of lip and palate with  their clinical presentation, significance and brief about treatment modalities

Describe in detail etiology, clinical and Histologic features of various anomalies of tongue and the treatment and the clinical significance

Categorize and explain various types of pigmentations occurring in mucosa including their etiology, clinical features, treatment and prognosis. To describe other developmental anomalies of oral mucosa and gingiva  like fordyces granules and gingival enlargement and a note on associated clinical significance

Describe the pathogenisis, clinical presentation ,radiological presentation and treatment of non odontogenic cysts

 

 

Didactic, Pictures

Discussion using
Models  and videos

Use of structured questions

Case presentations

 

 

 

 

1

 

3

 

1

 

2

 

 

 

10.

Oral Aspects of Metabolic
Diseases

  • Disturbance in protein, carbohydrate and lipid metabolism
  • Disturbances in mineral metabolism
  • Fat-soluble vitamins
  • Water-soluble vitamins
  • Disturbance of hormone metabolism

 

 

To learn  about disturbances in protein, carbohydrate,lipid and mineral metabolism .

To learn role of vitamins, requirements and the clinical presentation  seen in diseases caused by vitamin deficiences

 

Briefly  review  the oral manifestations, diagnosis and significance of common hormonal and metabolic diseases

Explain the  role of vitamins and their  requirements.

Enumerate the diseases caused by vitamin deficiencies and explain  the clinical presentation  and oral manifestations  seen.

 

 

 

Discussions

Seminar

MCQ

 

 

 

 

1

2

 

1

 

1

 

11. Physical & Chemical Injuries

  • Physical injuries to teeth, supporting tissue and bone
  • Radiation injury, Electrical burns, Emphysema
  • Chemical injury, Occupational injury of oral cavity
 

 

To be able toexplain the types of Injuries occurring in oral cavity, their causes and the presentation

 

 

Enumerate and explain the injuries occurring to the oral tissues due to  physical and chemical causes.

Describe injuries occurring to teeth and surrounding structures

Describe  the effects of radiation on oral mucosa, teeth, bone, salivary glands, skin

 

 

Discussions

Seminar

Question answer session

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

1

 

1

 

 

 

12.

 

Healing of Oral Wounds

  1. Factors affecting healing, Complication in Healing
  2. Biopsy , Exfoliative cytology
  3. Healing and complications of extraction wounds and fractures
  4. Replantation, transplantation of teeth, implants and stem cell therapy

 

 

 

To be describe the healing process, complications of wound healing of tissue, extraction wound , fractures

To be able to enumerate types of  biopsy,

To be able to know the indications and contraindications of biopsy procedure

To be able to describe  effects of radiation on oral tissue

 

 

Explain factors affecting healing.

Explain  the complications of healing of extraction wound.

 

Describe  effects of radiation on soft and hard tissue of oral cavity

Briefly discuss stem cell therapy , osseointegrated implants

 

 

Didactic,

Pictures,

 

Discussions.

 

Seminar

 

 

1

 

1

 

1

 

 

 

13. Forensic Odontology

  1. Age and sex determination
  2. Dental age estimation
  3. Identifying the ethnicity from teeth
  4. Bite marks

 

 

To be able to understand the scope of forensic odontology

To learn and to be able to describe the method  sex and age determination.

To be able to do an histological age estimation

To learn about  racial differences in tooth morphology

To learn  about bite marks and be able to explain the methods of registration

 

Explain the scope of forensic odontology and various methods employed in age and sex determination.

Describe about bite marks and their role in forensics

 

 

 

Didactic,

Discussions,

Demonstrations on models

Discussions of various cases along with the techniques involved  in age estimation

 

2

 

1

 

1

 

1

 

 

Admission 2017