Curriculum

Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry

Fourth Year, BDS

S.no TOPIC LEARNING OBJECTIVES
(At the end of the session the student should be able to)
TEACHING GUIDELINES METHODOLOGY TIME
A. Behavior management

  • Definitions
  • Types of behavior encountered in the dental clinic
  • Non pharmacological and pharmacological methods of behavior management
  • Categorize and analyse Various factors affecting child’s behavior in dental office
  • Classify and explain Non pharmacological techniques
  • Outline the uses of conscious sedation and
  • pharmacological methods of behavior management

 

1.  definition

  • classification of behavior
  • factors affecting child’s behavior in dental office
  • various non pharmacological techniques
  • aversive conditioning
  • sedation routes and agents
  • conscious sedation
  • GA
  •  Didactic  lecture through Power point presentation.
  • Dramatic interpretation.
  • Interactive session
  • practical demonstration
6 hrs
B. Pediatric operative dentistry

  • Principles of pediatric operative dentistry
  • Modifications required for cavity preparation in primary and young permanent teeth.
  • Various isolation techniques
  • Restorations of decayed primary, young permanent and permanent teeth in children using various restorative materials like glass ionomers, composites and silver amalgams, stainless steel, polycarbonate and resin crowns.
  • Compare, contrast and illustrate morphological differences between primary and permanent teeth
  • List the Principals and concepts of cavity preparations and elaborate the application of the above during cavity preparation.
  • Morphological differences between permanent and primary teeth
  • Principals and concepts of cavity preparation
  • Modifications of cavity preparations in primary teeth
  • ART restorations
  • Various isolations techniques
  • Semi permanent restorations
  • Restorative materials
  • Didactic  lecture through Power point presentation
  • plaster models of cavity preparation
  • short videos
  • Practical demonstration in clinics.
4 hrs
C. Pediatric Endodontics

  • Principles and diagnosis
  • Classification of pulpal pathology in primary, young permanent and permanent teeth

Management of pulpally involved primary, young permanent and permanent teeth.

  • Pulp capping- direct and indirect
  • Pulpotomy
  • Pulpectomy
  • Apexogenesis and Apexification.
  • Obturation techniques and material used for primary, young permanent and permanent teeth in children.
  • Classify and explain the diseases of pulp.
  • Elaborate and discuss the various treatment modalities for the treatment of disease of pulp.
  • Enumerate and compare various obturation materials used in pulpectomy.
  • Diseases of pulp
  • Diagnosis of diseases of pulp
  • IPC and DPC
  • Pulpotomy
  • Pulpectomy
  • Various obturation materials used in pulpectomy
  • Apexification and apexogenesis
1.  Didactic  lecture through Power point presentation
2.Short videos
3.Study charts
4. problem based learning.
5 hrs
D.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Traumatic injuries in children

  • Classifications and importance
  • Sequel and reaction of teeth to trauma
  • Management of traumatized teeth
  • Classify  and elaborate anterior tooth trauma
  • Discuss and outline Management  of ATT
  • Importance of management of Avulsions.
  • Clinical examination and diagnosis of anterior tooth trauma
  • Classifications of trauma to primary and permanent anterior teeth
  • Management of anterior tooth trauma
  • Management of avulsions and splitting
1. Didactic  lecture through Power point presentation
2. Problem based learning
3.Study chart
4 hrs
E. Preventive dentistry

  • definition
  • principles and scope
  • types of prevention
  • different preventive measures used in pediatric dentistry including pit and fissure sealants and caries vaccine
  • Evaluate and discuss the Principles and levels of preventions.
  • Compile and develop Infant oral health care
  • Compile and discuss Pit and fissure sealants
1.Definitions
2.Principles and scope of type of preventions
3.Infant oral health care
4.Diet counseling
5.Pit and fissure sealants
6.Caries vaccine
1.Didactic lectures
2.Group discussions  through Power point presentation
3.Practical demonstration
3 hour
F. Dental health education and school dental health program
  • Define  Objectives and enumerate ideal requirements
  • Summarize Elements of school dental health programme
  • Enumerate various school dental health programme and their methodology
  • Introduction to various aspects of school health  services
  • Objectives
  • Ideal requirements
  • Components of school dental health programme
  • Various school dental  health  programme
1.These things will be discussed as they will actively participate in school dental health camps. 2 hrs
G. Fluorides

  • Historical background
  • Systemic and topical fluoride
  • Mechanism of action
  • Toxicity and management
  • Defluoridation

 

  • Understand and summarize  various mechanisms by which fluoride help in prevention of dental caries.
  • Enumerate various systemic and topical fluoride
  • Evaluate and explain fluoride toxicity
  • Analyze and inspect Various methods of de fluoridation
  • History
  • Mechanism of action
  • Systemic fluorides
  • Topical fluoride
  • Fluoride toxicity
  • Defluoridation
1. Didactic  lecture through Power point presentations.
2.Study charts
3. Group discussions
4 hours
H. Dental materials used in pediatric dentistry
  • Summarize composition, setting reaction and indication of their use in pediatric dentistry:
  • Gic
  • Composite
  • Amalgam
  • Explain mercury toxicity
  • Recall C factor and composite shrinkage

 

  • Gic

. composition
. classification
.setting reactions
.uses
.recent advances

  • Composite

.composition
.classification
.uses
.recent advances

  • Amalgam

.composition
.classification
.uses

  • KRI paste

.composition
.uses

  • Metapex

.composition
.uses

  • Walkhoff paste

.composition
. uses

  • Endoflas

.composition
. uses

1. Didactic  lecture through Power point presentations.
2.Practical demonstration of the properties of the material used in various procedures.
3. MCQ questions.
3 hours
I. Dental care of children with special needs

  • Definition, etiology, classification, behavior and clinical, features and management of children with
  • Physically handicapping conditions
  • Mentally compromising condition
  • Medically compromising condition
  • Genetic disorders
  • Recall classification
  • Enumerate various disabled condition and their dental management in dental office.
1.Definition
2.Classification
3.Dental management of children with

  • Physically handicapping conditions
  • Mentally compromising condition
  • Medically compromising condition
  • Genetic disorders
  • Didactic lectures through power point presentation.
  • Interactive session
  • Short videos

 

4 hours
J. Congenital abnormalities in children

  • Definition, classification, clinical features and management
  • Classify cleft lip and palate
  • List all the clinical features and oral findings
  • Summarize management of cleft lip and palate

 

  • Definition of cleft lip palate
  • Classification of cleft lip and palate
  • clinical features
  • Management of cleft lip and palate
  • Common craniofacial syndrome in children.
  • Congenital anomalies of the teeth and associated

Structures.

  • Didactic lectures through power point presentation.
  • Interactive session
  • Study Charts

 

4 hours
K. Development of occlusion from birth through adolescence

  • Study of variations and abnormalities
  • List various spaces present in primary and mixed dentition phases
  • Explain molar relation ship
  • Summarize transitions of molar and incisors from primary to mixed dentition.
1.Development of occlusion and timings of interventions:

  • birth
  • primary dentition
  •  mixed dentition
  • permanent dentition
  • self correcting anomalies
  • Didactic lectures through power point presentation
  • Cast models
  • Chart models.
2 hrs
L. Preventive and interceptive orthodontics

  • Definition
  • Problems encountered during primary and mixed dentition phase and their management
  • Serial extractions
  • Space management
  • List methods of examination for malocclusion
  • Recall etiology of space loss
  • Enumerate various mixed dentition analysis
  • list all the space maintainers
  • Illustrate various methods of serial extractions
  • Explain twin block appliance
  • Definition of malocclusion
  • Methods of examination
  • Preventive orthodontic
  • space loss
  • mixed dentition analysis
  • space maintainers
  • Interceptive orthodontics
  • Space regainers
  • Serial extractions
  • myofunctional  appliance
  • Didactic lectures through power point presentation.
  • Cast models
  • Problem based learning
  • Conference

 

5 hours
M.  

Oral habits in children

  • definition, etiology,

Classification

  • Clinical features of digit sucking, tongue thrusting, mouth breathing and various other secondary habits
  • Management of oral habits in children
 

  • Explain various oral

Habits, diagnosis, parental counseling and their management in dental office.

 

1.Definition

  • classification
  • thumb sucking/ etiology / clinical feature and management
  • tongue thrusting /etiology / clinical feature and management
  • mouth breathing/ etiology / clinical feature and management
  • nail biting /  etiology / clinical feature and management
  • Bruxism / etiology / clinical feature and management
 

1. Didactic lectures through power point presentation. 2. practical demonstration of cases
3.study charts

 

4 hrs

N. Dental emergencies in children and their management
  • Demonstrate various techniques used under basic life support
1. Seizure management

  • Syncope
  • Anaphylactic shock
  • Aspiration of instruments
  • Basic life support ( ABC)
  • Didactic lectures through power point presentation.
  • Practical demonstration
  • Live demonstration
2 hours
O. Oral surgical procedures in children

  • Indications and contraindications of extractions of primary and permanent teeth in children
  • Knowledge of local and general anesthesia
  • Minor surgical procedure in children
  • list all the indications and contraindications of extractions
  • Demonstrate techniques of LA administration and their dosage
  • Enumerate various soft tissue and hard tissue abnormalities
1.Indications and contraindications of extractions in children
2. LA- composition, dosage, adverse reactions, mechanism of action
3.GA- drugs used, pre operative and post operative care
4. Flap designs
5. Soft tissue and hard tissue abnormalities and their management
6. Enucleation, marsupialization, apicocetomy procedures
1.  Didactic lectures through power point presentation.
2. Practical demonstration
3. Study charts
4 hours
P. Ethics
  • Recall ethical principles
  • Summarize duties of physicians

 

1.Introduction
2.Ethical principles
3.Ethical rules for dentists
4.The Nuremberg code
5. World medical association international code of medical ethics.
1.Power point
2.Group discussion
1 hr
S.no TOPIC LEARNING OBJECTIVES
(At the end of the session the student should be able to)
TEACHING GUIDELINES METHODOLOGY TIME
A.
  • WIRE BENDING ( 4 EACH)
  • A. labial bow
  • B. pin heads
  • C. ‘c’ clasps
  • D. adams clasps
  • E. cribs ( 2 in number)
  • F. rakes (2 in no.)

G.‘Z’ spring

  • H. finger springs
  • Understanding various wire bending their use and indication.
  • Indications, uses, modification for various wire bending
  • A. labial bow
  • B. pin heads
  • C. ‘c’ clasps
  • D. Adams clasps
  • E. cribs ( 2 in number)
  • F. rakes (2 in no.)

G.‘Z’ spring

  • H. finger springs
 

  • Demonstration of various wire bending
  • Study charts
  • Casts and models
8 hrs
B.
  • Making of removable appliance on the casts made in 3rd year.
  • A. Hawley’s appliance
  • B. Anterior bite plane
  • C. oral screen
  • D. anti tongue thrusting
  • E.  removable space maintainer
  • List types of retention.
  • Understanding of the theorems of retention.
  • Recall indications, uses, modification for various appliances.
1.Types of retention
2.Theorem of retention
3.Cause of relapse
4.Indications, uses, modification for various appliances:

  • A. Hawley’s appliance
  • B. Anterior bite plane
  • C. oral screen
  • D. anti tongue thrusting

E.  removable space maintainer

1.Demonstration of various appliances
2.Study charts
3. Casts and models
10 hrs