Curriculum

Pedodontics & Preventive Dentistry

Third Year , BDS

S.no TOPIC LEARNING OBJECTIVES
(at the end of the session the student should be able to)
TEACHING GUIDELINES METHODOLOGY TIME
1. Introduction to Pedodontics & preventive dentistry

  • Definition
  • Scope
  • Objectives
  • Importance
Should demonstrate understanding about pedodontic subject and the difference between child and adult patient.

 

1.To know what is pedodontics.
2. Changing trends in scope of Pedodontics.
3. Pedodontic treatment triangle
4. Importance of pedodontics
1. Didactic lecture through
Power point presentation
2. Illustration
1 hour
2 Growth & Development

  • Importance of study of growth and development in pedodontics.
  • Prenatal and postnatal factors in growth and development.
  • Theories of growth and development.
  • Development of maxilla and mandible and related age changes.
1. Summarize and illustrate the development of maxilla and mandible (pre natal and post natal) by giving descriptions and stating main ideas.
2. Enumerate various theories of growth in relation to the growth of maxilla and mandible
3. Examine and categorize Growth spurts and its importance in dentistry
1.To cover theories of growth.
2.Prenatal growth changes of oro-facial structures and reflexes
3. Postnatal growth
4. Growth spurts , scammon growth curve, and growth marker
5. Age related changes of maxilla and mandible.
1. Didactic lecture through Power point presentation
2. Study charts.
3. Through various types of x-rays.
3 hour
3. Dental Anatomy and Histology.

  • Development of teeth and associated structures.
  • Eruption and shedding of teeth
  • Teething disorders and their management
  • chronology of eruption of teeth
  • Differences between deciduous and permanent teeth.
  • Development of dentition from birth to adolescence.
  • Importance of first permanent molar
1.list out and recall all symptoms of Teething and its management
2. Compare, contrast and illustrate various morphological and anatomical differences between primary and permanent teeth.
3. Recall and relate Chronology and eruption of teeth and its importance.
1.Eruption and shedding of teeth.
2. teething disorder and their management
3. Chronology and eruption of teeth.
4. Differences between primary and permanent teeth.
5. Importance of first permanent molar.
6. Age estimation methods
7. dental age
8. Nolla’s  stages of tooth development
1.Didactic lecture through power point presentation
2.Group discussion
3. cast models
4. charts
4 hours
4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dental Caries:-

  • Historical background.
  • Definition. Aetiology and pathogenesis.
  • Caries pattern in primary, young permanent and permanent teeth in children.
  • Rampant caries, early childhood caries and extensive caries.

definition, etiology ,pathogenesis , clinical features , complications and management.

  • Role of diet and nuitrition in dental caries.
  • Dietary modifications and diet counseling.
  • Caries activity ,tests,caries prediction, caries susceptibilityand their clinical application.
1. Remember and recall -Theories, definition, etio-pathogenesis of dental caries.
2. Evaluate and estimate ECC -definition, clinical features and its management.
3. Analyze and inspect the Role of diet in dental caries
4. How to record diet chart and estimate sugar exposure and interpret diet counseling.
5. How to perform caries activity test and interpret their clinical implication.
1.Dental caries
a.Historical background
b. Definition
c. Etiopathogenesis.
d. Theories
2. Rampant caries and ECC
a. Definition
b. Etiopathogenesis
c. Clinical features.
d. Complications
e. Management
3. Role of diet and nutrition in dental caries.
a. Importance of minerals and vitamins
b. Food guide pyramid.
4. Explain various caries activity test and their clinical application.
1.Didactic lecture through Power point
2. Practical demonstration.
3. software of different caries activity test.
4. Interactive session.

 

4
hour
5 Gingival & Periodontal Diseases in children.

  • Normal gingiva and periodontium in children.
  • Definition ,aetiology and pathogenesis.
  • Prevention and management of gingival and periodontal diseases.
  • Illustrate and explain Normal gingiva and periodontium structures.
  • enumerate and elaborate various gingival disease in children
  • Summarize and explain various periodontal diseases in children.
1.Features of normal gingiva and periodontium
2. Gingival diseases in childhood
a.  chronic inflammatory enlargement
b. acute inflammatory enlargement
c.  herpetic gingivostomatitis
d. drug induced gingival hyperplasia
3. Periodontitis in children
a. Juvenile periodontitis
b. Pappilion lefevre syndrome
c. Hystiocytosis
1. Didactic lecture through power point presentation
2. Study charts
3. Radiographic discussion
2 hours
6 Child Psychology

  • Definition
  • Theories of child psychology.
  • Psychological development of children with age.
  • Principles of psychological growth and development while managing child patient.
  • Dental fear and its management.
  • Factors affecting child’s reaction to dental treatment.
  • Should enumerate and classify theories of child psychology
  • Interpret and distinguish the  different characteristics seen in emotion during child development
  • Definitions
  • Theory of child psychology in brief.
  • Physiology of emotions
  • Characteristics seen in emotions.
  • Cry( various types and management)
  • Anger( various types and management)
  • Fear( various types and management and scales)
  • Anxiety( various types and management)
  • Phobia( various types and management)
  • Didactic lecture through power point presentation.
  • Dramatic interpretation.
  • Group discussion.
  • Interactive session.
5 hours
7 Case history recording

  • Outline of principles of examination, diagnosis and treatment planning
  • Should be able to compose and compile :

a.  Case history

  • Indices
  • Appropriate investigation required
  • treatment planning
  • Terminologies
  • History taking
  • Chief complaint
  • Diet chart
  • General examination
  • Oral examination
  • FDI scoring indices
  • Advanced diagnostic aids
  • Phases of treatment planning
  • Didactic lecture through power point presentation.
  • Practical demonstration in the clinic.
  • Study charts.
2 hours
8 Dental radiology related to pedodontics 1. Demonstrate and explain the various techniques.
2. Interpret and justify the criteria for exposing of radiograph in asymptomatic children
3. Elaborate and predict Localization of tooth by SLOB technique
1. Techniques of radiograph
a. paralleling
b. bisecting
c. bitewing
d.panoramic
2. Radiation exposure and film sizes
3. SLOB rule –localization technique
4. Digital receptors- cone beam biometric projection technique
1. Practical demonstration
2.  Didactic lecture through power point presentation
3. Showing various sizes of film.
2 hour